HomeCommunity NewsSchool News ISchool News IIChurch NewsCelebrations
Featured ColumnsPoolville VFDCalendarWordsmithingMusic Classifieds
AdvertisersCritter CornerP.S. & Guest Book

~ March Featured Columns ~
Ted Martone - Owner
420 N Main - Weatherford   817-598-0526
State Inspection Specialists
Credit Cards & Cash Accepted - Sorry, No Checks
Click or double click the Willhite logo to go to Willhite's website.
Creekside Automotive is now an Authorized U-Haul Dealer
The Stockyards Museum is located in the Live Stock Exchange Building.  

Their hours are Monday - Saturday 10:00 to 5:00 .
 For more information, call them at 817-625-5082. 
Downunder Horsemanship
Stephenville, Texas
“In 2001, he became the first clinician to create a made-for-TV horse training program that aired on RFD-TV. The use of untrained horses and a variety of topics covering common problems faced by horse owners quickly made Downunder Horsemanship the network’s number one equine program. In 2011, Clinton launched a half-hour version of Downunder Horsemanship on Fox Sports Net, a national broadcast station that reaches 80 million viewers. Later that year, he created and released DownunderHorsemanship.TV, an internet TV site that gives horse owners around the world free access to the Downunder Horsemanship television show.” 

“In 2003 and 2005, Clinton faced the country’s best horse trainers and clinicians in the prestigious Road to the Horse, an event that challenges trainers to gentle and ride an untouched horse in less than three hours. Clinton became the first person to win the event twice in a row.”

“In 2007, Clinton created the No Worries Club, a community for horsemen who practice the Method. Through a website, exclusive DVDs, a quarterly publication and nationwide events, Clinton inspires and educates his most loyal followers so they can accomplish their horsemanship dreams.”
“In addition to being a clinician, Clinton breeds, trains and shows his own reining and cow horses. He currently competes and wins at the highest levels of competition.”
The Online Poolville Post is extremely pleased to have Downunder Horsemanship and Clinton Anderson on its pages. As the name suggests, Clinton is from Australia. While there, he apprenticed with Gorden McKinlay, a horseman and horse clinician. After a three year apprenticeship he began working with Ian Francis for a year until opening his own facility in Rockhampton, Queensland. In 1996 Clinton served a brief apprenticeship with Al Dunning in the U.S. In late 1997, Clinton moved to Texas and began Downunder Horsemanship.
End of Page
Clinton Anderson
“Today, Clinton continues to instruct horsemanship clinics, presents Walkabout Tours across the country, produces a television show, hosts an Internet TV website and is constantly creating comprehensive study kits and training tools to make learning horsemanship as accessible and easy as possible. Clinton and Downunder Horsemanship are recognized as world leaders in the equestrian industry and continue to offer the very best in innovation, inspiration and instruction.”

“The Downunder Horsemanship Ranch is a world-class training facility located in Stephenville. Every feature of the ranch was custom designed by Clinton with the goal of giving horses the best care possible and ensuring he had the finest facilities to bring out a horse’s full potential. The 250-acre property is meticulously groomed and cared for, and is a horseman’s paradise. From the barns and arenas to the wash racks and saddling bays, the Downunder Horsemanship Ranch is equipped with every amenity a serious horseman could hope for.”
Click the logo to go to their website.
13635 FM 3025 / 254-552-1000
The Online Poolville Post is looking for local authors and writers who would be willing to contribute articles. I am working on several leads, but there is plenty of space.  Please contact me at editor@poolvillepost.com if you are interested.  
Every Monday David Sawyer "The Guy With The Guitar" hand writes a verse of scripture and sets it to music.  
The message is always inspiring and the music is always impressive
Click the FB logo below to watch  watch him create his magic and listen to his guitar playing.
Editor's Note:  If you enjoyed this presentation, leave David a note in the Guest Book. 
Click the star or the card to go to Rhonda's website.
Monday Movie 04-02-18
You Do Not Need A FaceBook Account To View This Video
Olde West History
From the Fencepost
by Greg Bade
And that's how it was in the olde wooly west.
Voices From The Past 
~ Forties Flashback~
These dates and text are taken from a now deleted website called "Lonesome Dove."
In 1941, a commercial for Lava was heard at the closing of a VIC & SADE broadcast. The subject of the commercial was an invitation by Procter & Gamble to the radio listeners to write a letter to the company on their experiences of washing their hands with Lava. In finishing off the commercial, the announcer said Lava cleaned extra dirty hands in only 20 seconds.

  The following year, it took from 20-50 seconds--- and the year after that, it was from 30-50 seconds. No, Lava wasn't slowing down with age, because it would take from 30-50 seconds to wash the hands clean for the remainder of radio's golden age.
Click the radio to hear an actual "voice from the past."  
March 1
1836 – Day 8: Alamo Siege
1845- President Tyler signed a congressional resolution to annex the Republic of Texas.

March 2
1836 Day 9: Alamo Siege
1836- Texas declared its independence from Mexico.
1987- Randolph Scott, silver screen actor (Ft Worth, Gung Ho, Jesse James), dies at 89

 March 3
1836 DAY 10: Alamo Siege
1837- US president Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1855- Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use

March 4
1836 DAY 11: Alamo Siege

March 5
DAY 12: Alamo Siege
1836- Samuel Colt manufactured the first pistol: a .34-caliber 'Texas' model.
1922- North Carolina- Annie Oakley (1860 - 1926) broke all existing records for women's trap shooting. She smashed 98 out of 100 clay targets thrown at 16 yards while at a match at the Pinehurst Gun Club. She hit the first fifty, missed the 51st, then the 67th. This was a record-breaker, true; but Annie Oakley was well known throughout the United States and Europe for her expert shooting ability. In one day, 'Little Sure Shot' took a .22 rifle and hit 4,772 glass balls out of 5,000 tossed in the air. She could hit a playing card from 90 feet (the thin side facing her), puncturing it at least five times before it hit the ground. It was this display that named free tickets with holes punched in them, Annie Oakley's. 

1927- Texas- though the Goodnights had no children of their own, they often boarded college students, whom they hired to do secretarial work and other chores. They employed a woman as a housekeeper in 1905 and subsequently reared her son, Cleo Hubbard, as their own. After his wife's death in April 1926, Goodnight fell seriously ill but was soon nursed back to health by Corinne Goodnight, a young nurse and telegraph operator from Butte, Montana, with whom he had been corresponding because of their mutual surnames. Charles Goodnight celebrated his ninety-first birthday by marrying twenty-six-year-old Corinne at the home of Mayor Henry W. Taylor, Goodnight's nephew, in Clarendon.

March 6
DAY 13: Alamo Siege
1868- Texas- 13 settlers are killed and 1 child captured by Indians at the headwaters of the Colorado River in Texas.

March 7
1877- Texas- 2 civilians are reported killed by Indians near Fort Davis

March 9
1928- San Antonio, Texas -Texas Ranger P.C. Baird who served with the Texas Rangers died. Baird served as sheriff of Mason County through 1898 and then retired.

March 10
1884- San Antonio, Texas- Ben Thompson and gunman John King Fisher went into the Vaudeville Variety Theater and ran into Joseph Foster and William Sims who were intent on getting Ben. When the smoke cleared Ben Thompson and John King Fisher were dead, Ben with nine pieces of lead in him even though he managed to fire five rounds himself. Joseph Foster died later from wounds he received.

March 13
1836- Texas- the Runaway Scrape Oak is a half-mile north of Alternate U.S. Highway 90, ten miles east of Gonzales. On this night, the first night of the retreat known as the Runaway Scrape, Gen. Sam Houston and a force of nearly 400 men camped around this tree before moving on toward San Jacinto the next morning. 

1860- Texas- Camp Ives was evacuated. Camp Ives was a military outpost on Turtle Creek four miles north of Camp Verde in southeastern Kerr County. Second Lt. Wesley Owen, commanding Troop I, Second United States Cavalry, established the camp on October 2, 1859. Although built in answer to requests from area settlers for government protection against Indians, the camp saw little use. On March 13, 1860, it was evacuated temporarily when soldiers stationed there escorted Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee, then in temporary command of the Second Cavalry, to the Rio Grande. The camp was reoccupied on October 20, 1860, but remained in operation only until January 28, 1861. On that date its troops abandoned it and moved to Camp Verde in preparation for defense against Confederate occupation as Texas neared secession.
1912- Texas- Outlaw H.O. Beck (AKA: Ole; Edward Welch) was an old -time western train and stagecoach robber who had been serving time with Ben Kilpatrick, the "Tall Texan" of Wild Bunch fame. Both men were released from federal prison in early 1912 and immediately planned a train robbery of the Southern Pacific's Sunset Express in a remote desert spot. They boarded the train at Dryden, Texas, a small water stop, on this date, and attempted to rob the Wells Fargo car of its cargo of $65,000, but the guard, David Trousdale, attacked both men, killing Beck and Kilpatrick and delivering their bodies to officials at the next stop as if he were casually dropping off some mailbags.

March 16
1861- Texas- Sam Houston resigns the governorship of Texas over the state's secession.
1903- Langtry, Texas- Judge Roy Bean, the only "Law West of the Pecos" died on this date. Bean had gone into San Antonio on Mar. 15, 1903, where he witnessed a cockfight in the Mexican quarter. So aroused by the blood sport was he that he went on an extended bender and was taken back to his shack in Langtry in an almost comatose state. He lingered in his back room for some hours, unable to recognize his own son, Sam, who had ridden a horse to death to get to his father's deathbed.
1955- The Ballad of Davy Crockett, by Bill Hayes, reached the number one spot on the pop music charts and stayed for five weeks beginning this day. The smash hit song sold more than 7,000,000 records on more than 20 different labels. Everyone seemed to be singing the song that saluted the frontier hero who was "Born on a mountain top in Tennessee..." Coonskin caps were seen everywhere as the Crockett craze spread like a frontier fire.

March 18
1878-Texas- Sam Bass and his gang rob the Houston and Texas at Hutchins. Heck Thomas, noted lawman, was serving as an express agent at the time, managed to hide $20,000 before a bullet from one of the outlaws wounded him in the face forcing him to surrender.

March 19
1873- Lampasas, Texas- Texas Ranger Captain Thomas Williams, accompanied by three officers to arrest Clinton Barkley, a Texas gunman who was wanted for murder, entered Jerry Scott's Matador Saloon, knowing Barkley and the Horrells (Barkley's brother-in-laws) were inside. The minute Williams and his men stepped through the swinging doors, Barkley, Martin, Tom, and Sam Horrell, along with saloon owner Scott, opened fire with their six-guns. Williams and two of his men dropped to the floor died while the third deputy returned fire as he backed out of the saloon, his shots wounding Martin and Tom Horrell.

March 21
1891 - A Hatfield marries a McCoy, ends long feud in West Virginia it started with an accusation of pig stealing & lasted 20 years.

March 22
1877- Texas- 3 civilians are reported killed near Fort Clark.

March 24
1883- Texas- 24 Canadian River cowboys, in the Panhandle, go on strike for a 50-cents-a-day pay raise.

March 26
1836- Texas- Goliad Massacre occurred after General Urrea's Mexican forces had taken about 300 Texan prisoners the week before after an engagement killing a total of 417 men. The Mexican government considered them revolutionaries and not soldiers
1882- Frederic Remington's first nationally published illustration, Cowboys of Arizona, appeared in Harper's Weekly.

March 27
1836- Goliad, Texas- on Palm Sunday at least 342 Texans were executed by firing squad at Goliad. The Texans considered these men prisoners of war, whereas General Santa Anna thought them "perfidious foreigners." The Mexican dictator had decreed that all Texans in arms against the Mexican government were to be treated as traitors, not soldiers. The men were led out of town and shot at point- blank range. Those not killed by the first volley were hunted down and killed by gunfire, bayonet, or lance. The bodies were left unburied. The incident, which became known among Anglo-Texans as the Goliad Massacre, joined the Alamo as a rallying cry for Texas independence.

March 29
1887- Texas- Emmanuel Clements, AKA Mannen, was one of four brothers brought up on a cattle ranch near Smiley, Texas. Mannen was the most notorious of the brothers, and was accused occasionally of cattle rustling. His cousin was the legendary gunman John Wesley Hardin, who came to live on the Clements ranch for a time and worked as a cowhand. The Clements clan became very wealthy as they continued to drive cattle to the Kansas railheads throughout the 1870s. But in 1877, Mannen found himself sharing a cell with Hardin, Johnny Ringo, and Bill Taylor. A decade later, Mannen ran for sheriff of Runnels County. While campaigning for elective office, Clements was shot and killed at the Senate Saloon in Ballinger, Texas, on Mar. 29, 1887, by Marshal Joe Townsend.

March 31
1923- Captain George W. Arrington, one of the greatest Texas Rangers on record, died on this date on his ranch. He was born in Greensboro, Alabama on 23 December 1844. He fought for the Confederacy in Mosby's Rangers a unit that never surrendered after Lee did, but did disband. Following the Civil War, Arrington joined other Confederate soldiers and went to Mexico, offering his services to the doomed Emperor Maximilian and then moved on to seek adventure in Central America before returning to the U.S. in 1867. He eventually moved to Texas and joined the Texas Rangers in the early 1870s, fast rising through the ranks until he was appointed a captain. Arrington's territory was the Panhandle of Texas, then one of the worst nightmares for any lawmen. The area was overrun with hostile Indians and hundreds of hard case outlaws. Like the Mounties, always getting their man, he would track fugitives to both ends of the continent. He trailed one wealthy cattle rustler all the way to New England, returning him to Texas secretly. Arrington left the Rangers in the early 1880s and became sheriff of Wheeler County, a post he kept for eight years before retiring to his Rocking Chair Ranch in 1890. The old lawman came out of retirement briefly to become sheriff for the same county in 1894 and during this time he was confronted by six tough drunken cowboys in a local saloon who dared him to throw them into jail. Arrington had a small jail and no deputy so he did the next best thing. The lawman handcuffed the six men to the bar rail and held them in custody for twenty-four uncomfortable hours, until all promised to leave town without creating further disturbances.

February 23rd: 
1836 - Day 1:  Alamo Siege 

February 24th: 
1836 - Day 2:  Alamo Siege 

February 25th: 
1836 - Day 3:  Alamo Siege 

February 26th: 
1836 - Day 4:  Alamo Siege 

February 27th: 
1836 - Day 5:  Alamo Siege 

Febuary 28th:
1836 - Day 6:  Alamo Siege.

Febuary 29th:
1836 - Day 7:  Alamo Siege.


The Mexican's Jimenez battalion and the cavalry under command of General Ramirez y Sesma are ordered down the Goliad road to intercept any reinforcements that might have been sent by Fannin.

The Mexicans propose a three-day armistice and several Tejanos leave Alamo during the cease-fire.
March 1st:
1836 - Day 8  Alamo Siege.


​A second cold front arrives. A relief column from Gonzales arrives, responding to Travis’ pleas for help. The Gonzales Ranging Company safely enters the compound, increasing the garrison’s strength by at least thirty-two. Finding no sign of Fannin’s reinforcements, the detachment sent by Santa Anna returns.
March 2nd:
1836 - Day 9  Alamo Siege.


The siege continues. Unbeknownst to defenders of the Alamo, the provisional Texas government at Washington-on-the-Brazos declares independence from Mexico.
March 3rd:
1836 - Day 10  Alamo Siege.


Travis receives a letter from his friend Major Robert M.  Williamson carried in by James B. Bonham that details efforts to send aid to the Alamo. In the letter, Williamson asks Travis to hold out a little longer until help arrives. Santa Anna receives 1,100 reinforcements. Travis sends out his last known appeals for assistance, stating, “I am determined to perish in the defense of this place, and may my bones reproach my country for her neglect.”
March 4th:
1836 - Day 11  Alamo Siege.


Santa Anna ordered his artillery batteries moved closer to the Alamo. The prolonged artillery attack continues.
March 5th:
1836 - Day 12  Alamo Siege.


Santa Anna announces to his officers that he plans to attack the Alamo in the morning and orders them to prepare their troops for assault. Although evidence is lacking, tradition holds that Travis gathered his command together one final time to offer them the chance to leave. According to one account, Travis draws a line in the sand and asks the garrison to make a decision to stay or leave. Only one man, Moses Rose, chooses to leave.
March 6th:
1836 - Day 13  Alamo Siege.


Santa Anna gives the order to attack just before dawn. After a bloody 90-minute battle, the Alamo falls. Santa Anna orders the bodies of the slain defenders burned.
February 23rd - March 30th
To Watch A Short Educational Video About Each Day, Click The Youtube Link  Or The Photo.
I recently resigned as state president of an international music organization that has been a big part of my life for the last four years. It was not an amicable resignation, but there was no wrong-doing with regard to policy, and there was not even any turmoil over ideological differences. The reason for my resignation was due to disagreements over procedural issues – generally accepted rules of protocol for conducting business. It seemed at every turn that there was some disagreement as to who was allowed to take minutes, how a motion should be presented, and how a vote should be taken. Finally, I began to realize the squabbles were not going to stop, and I resigned.

I liken the events of that final straw to a group of people standing at the edge of a small brook. They have asked to go on this field trip, and their guide tells them that the path will pick-up on the other side of the brook, but first they must step across. Others have crossed this brook in the past, so it is not an issue of safety. Rather than continue the journey, several of the group stand at the brook’s edge and decide not to cross. Two others turn around and go back, and two others take off their shoes and socks and test the temperature of the water, ultimately deciding the temperature is not to their liking. Their field trip ends at the edge of the water.

This experience has been a revelation for me. At three score years and twelve, I didn’t think there was too much left for me to learn about human nature, but I was terribly mistaken. After publicly posting my resignation, the outpouring of sympathy and empathy that I received was nothing short of uplifting. Members of the group whom I had never met sent me apologies for the actions and attitude of the board members. Members of the group whom I had met only in passing, sent more personal messages expressing their disbelief, relaying similar stories, and members of the group whom I know well sent well-wishes with counsel to move on.

I believe that every experience in life happens for a reason. I am reminded of a few lines in the poem, “Invictus” by William Earnest Henley. The Latin word “Invictus” means “unconquered.” Clearly, “I am the master of my fate, I am the captain of my soul” being the one who resigned. I could have made a decision to stay and tough it out, but I did not. So why did I make the decision I made, and what will now become of me? 

The answer to the first question is easy. Beating my head against the wall was beginning to hurt. It was beginning to affect my vision and my ability to do my job. The only two choices I had were to move the wall farther from my head or stop hitting my head.

The answer to the second question will take a little longer to completely unfold, but I already see some new roads on the map that I didn’t see before. In a world that is far too often fraught with egos, personal agendas, ridicule, bitterness and perhaps even hatred, sometimes we need a little comfort. We need to be reminded that we can still make a difference although it may be doing something we had not previously thought of or considered. 

To that end, I have made a new page in the paper called “Critter Corner.” I only have an inkling of the direction of this new page, but the premise is this: I believe we can learn a great deal about how to treat other people by observing the behavior of animals. There are far too many animals that have been neglected or abused who need some help, even some care, to survive.  This page will seek to explore those meaningful relationships and highlight those people who do what they can to help these animals, whether they be dogs or cats or turtles, birds or horses, mules or goats. The page will often have inspirational stories of humans helping animals and animals helping humans through mutual trust and compassion, and sometimes there just might be a cute video illustrating the unusual bond that can be established if we would just try.

The second road on the map is still being revealed, but through communication that I would not otherwise have had if I had not resigned, I have several new avenues to pursue relative to new features in this paper, entertainment venues and grassroots western culture. I can only imagine the new people I will eventually meet, I am looking forward to exploring some of these roads this coming week over a long- planned evening meal with some friends.

But perhaps the most important lesson that I have learned from all this is that my faith in the underlying goodness of people has been partially restored. The older I get, the more I long for the traditional values of common courtesy and honesty, and I find that these values are often being eroded, even among my peers. The many e-mails I have recently received have buoyed up a renewed sense of hope and have motivated me to continue on. Truly, when one door closes, another one (maybe even two) opens. Perhaps another well-wisher said it best when he said: “When the horse you are riding no longer works for you, change horses and continue riding.”

When The Horse You Are Riding No Longer Works For You , Change Horses And Keep Riding
Horses That Nip and Nibble
By Clinton Anderson

When a horse gets mouthy – he nips or nibbles shirt sleeves, jackets or the lead rope – the behavior is often brushed aside. This is especially true with young horses, the most likely culprits of this behavior. A foal mouthing your shirt sleeve doesn’t seem like a big deal; in fact, a lot of people think it’s kind of cute. But the problem with this behavior is that if uncorrected it often turns into biting – a very dangerous vice. 

The most effective correction you can do with a horse is to make him move his feet. Horses are basically lazy creatures that would rather stand around in the pasture daydreaming of their next meal than move their feet and work up a sweat. They’ll always choose the option with the least amount of work involved.

So if you’re standing next to your horse and he starts to lip your shirt, put his feet to work. Back him up, lunge him in a circle, sidepass him – anything you can think of to make him hustle his feet. Put his feet to work for five minutes, and then go back to what you were doing with him before he got mouthy. Act like it didn’t even happen. If he tries to mouth you again, you’ll make the same correction.

He can’t mouth on you and move his feet at the same time, especially if you make him hustle with energy and do a lot of changes of direction. If you’re consistent with this correction, it won’t take many repetitions for the horse to connect the two together: When he gets mouthy, he has to move his feet and sweat.

One of the most effective ways to stop a mouthy horse, and a horses that bites, is to back him up. Backing is a very humbling exercise for a horse to do. When a horse gets mouthy or tries to bite, it’s a very forward action – he’s invading your space and coming to get you. When you back him up, it’s the opposite – he’s being submissive to you by moving out of your space. 
Photo Credit: Darrell Dodds

“Spring! The very word is a chime of hope. Something that has been captive deep down beneath the frozen soil begins to soften and flow. The immemorial produce of the good earth is ready for its push.
What seemingly has been dead is about to be reborn. The sap of life begins to rise.
There, robin! Ah, crocus! Stream, how silent you have been! Earth, you smell of the mystery of life! Leaf, you are tender as angel skin.

All over again, but as if for the first time, spring is born out of a winter that had it locked in its deep breast. During the long months when the bare branches set up their saber rattle, down there beneath the hard black soil, the human heart sank, too, and the human heart itself felt hard and black.

A war-ridden winter has likewise embalmed the springtime of men’s hearts.
If winter comes, can spring be far behind?

Perhaps. But sooner or later, with the impeccable rhythm of the Cycle, lo, in a burst of apples blossoms and tasting sunshine, suddenly it is spring again. So sure, so true, so blue-and-gold, so warming to the heart of man.

Sons and daughters of sons and daughters, bear in your tired minds and in your sore and hurting hearts the immortality of good. War and disillusionment, fear and pain, hunger and worse rage about us; but rebirth is the law of life. By virtue of that law, it is our right to dare hope that, beyond this winter of our discontent, lies the renascence of human decencies, the release of frozen founts of man’s humanity to man.

The Prince of Darkness has always waged a losing fight. His victories have been brief. His successful adversary is the Light, toward which animal, plant, and human life turns gratefully in the end.
Somewhere beneath the frozen, hating surface of our human scene, the forces of the awakening of spring must surely be at work in men’s hearts.

Winter cannot go on indefinitely unless the earth is to perish. Hearts cannot live beneath such oppressive soils as hatred, bloodshed, intolerance, injustice, slavery – and survive. They will break through the bonds of winter ice.

The good earth is still ours, and the good sun and the dance of blossoms and the beautiful sounds of birds. The glaze on a leaf is still a thing of beauty, the tastes and smells of berries, the color and shape of  moonlight on water, and the rearing motion of a wave.

In such a world, can the springtime of men’s hearts be far behind? Passionately we need to think and believe no, no, no!

It will be spring again. After this frigid winter of pain and death, suffering and blitzkrieg, machine gun and hunger, intolerance and hate, the thaws of peace lie ahead, and living soil of the submerged human spirit will expand and give flower to those qualities which can make man sublime.

It will be spring again! Housewives shake out their rugs, set out their bulbs, and strip off their children’s long underwear. The youngsters dash outdoors to meet the coming awake of the world. Preparation for new life is at hand. Plows turn the earth and make it ready for the sowing. Preparation for life!

Look about. Out of last winter when streams were icebound, trees naked, soil bare as your palm, the lilac bush a skeleton, comes once more the spring dance.

Man is a part of that divine Cycle. He will struggle through to the Light. Already the pale stars of a waning night seem expectant.

Dawn lies ahead."

In this short essay titled "Cycle," which appeared in the May, 1941 edition of Better Homes and Gardens, noted twentieth century author Fannie Hurst speaks to the cycles of nature, the end of  suffering and the hope for the coming of spring. There are a number of references to WWII which may seem out of place in today’s society, but it must be remember that this was written three year’s into a war that would last another four years.
Alamo Siege February 23rd - March 6th