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~ July Featured Columns ~
Ted Martone - Owner
420 N Main - Weatherford   817-598-0526
State Inspection Specialists
Credit Cards & Cash Accepted - Sorry, No Checks
Click or double click the Willhite logo to go to Willhite's website.
Creekside Automotive is now an Authorized U-Haul Dealer
The Stockyards Museum is located in the Live Stock Exchange Building.  

Their hours are Monday - Saturday 10:00 to 5:00 .
 For more information, call them at 817-625-5082. 
Downunder Horsemanship
Stephenville, Texas
“In 2001, he became the first clinician to create a made-for-TV horse training program that aired on RFD-TV. The use of untrained horses and a variety of topics covering common problems faced by horse owners quickly made Downunder Horsemanship the network’s number one equine program. In 2011, Clinton launched a half-hour version of Downunder Horsemanship on Fox Sports Net, a national broadcast station that reaches 80 million viewers. Later that year, he created and released DownunderHorsemanship.TV, an internet TV site that gives horse owners around the world free access to the Downunder Horsemanship television show.” 

“In 2003 and 2005, Clinton faced the country’s best horse trainers and clinicians in the prestigious Road to the Horse, an event that challenges trainers to gentle and ride an untouched horse in less than three hours. Clinton became the first person to win the event twice in a row.”

“In 2007, Clinton created the No Worries Club, a community for horsemen who practice the Method. Through a website, exclusive DVDs, a quarterly publication and nationwide events, Clinton inspires and educates his most loyal followers so they can accomplish their horsemanship dreams.”
“In addition to being a clinician, Clinton breeds, trains and shows his own reining and cow horses. He currently competes and wins at the highest levels of competition.”
The Online Poolville Post is extremely pleased to have Downunder Horsemanship and Clinton Anderson on its pages. As the name suggests, Clinton is from Australia. While there, he apprenticed with Gorden McKinlay, a horseman and horse clinician. After a three year apprenticeship he began working with Ian Francis for a year until opening his own facility in Rockhampton, Queensland. In 1996 Clinton served a brief apprenticeship with Al Dunning in the U.S. In late 1997, Clinton moved to Texas and began Downunder Horsemanship.
End of Page
Clinton Anderson
“Today, Clinton continues to instruct horsemanship clinics, presents Walkabout Tours across the country, produces a television show, hosts an Internet TV website and is constantly creating comprehensive study kits and training tools to make learning horsemanship as accessible and easy as possible. Clinton and Downunder Horsemanship are recognized as world leaders in the equestrian industry and continue to offer the very best in innovation, inspiration and instruction.”

“The Downunder Horsemanship Ranch is a world-class training facility located in Stephenville. Every feature of the ranch was custom designed by Clinton with the goal of giving horses the best care possible and ensuring he had the finest facilities to bring out a horse’s full potential. The 250-acre property is meticulously groomed and cared for, and is a horseman’s paradise. From the barns and arenas to the wash racks and saddling bays, the Downunder Horsemanship Ranch is equipped with every amenity a serious horseman could hope for.”
Click the logo to go to their website.
13635 FM 3025 / 254-552-1000
The Online Poolville Post is looking for local authors and writers who would be willing to contribute articles. I am working on several leads, but there is plenty of space.  Please contact me at editor@poolvillepost.com if you are interested.  
Every Monday David Sawyer "The Guy With The Guitar" hand writes a verse of scripture and sets it to music.  
The message is always inspiring and the music is always impressive
Click the FB logo below to watch  watch him create his magic and listen to his guitar playing.
Editor's Note:  If you enjoyed this presentation, leave David a note in the Guest Book. 
Click the star or the card to go to Rhonda's website.
Monday Movie 04-02-18
You Do Not Need A FaceBook Account To View This Video
Olde West History
And that's how it was in the olde wooly west.
Voices From The Past 
~ Forties Flashback~
These dates and text are taken from a now deleted website called "Lonesome Dove."
In 1941, a commercial for Lava was heard at the closing of a VIC & SADE broadcast. The subject of the commercial was an invitation by Procter & Gamble to the radio listeners to write a letter to the company on their experiences of washing their hands with Lava. In finishing off the commercial, the announcer said Lava cleaned extra dirty hands in only 20 seconds.

  The following year, it took from 20-50 seconds--- and the year after that, it was from 30-50 seconds. No, Lava wasn't slowing down with age, because it would take from 30-50 seconds to wash the hands clean for the remainder of radio's golden age.
Click the radio to hear an actual "voice from the past."  
Horses That Nip and Nibble
By Clinton Anderson

When a horse gets mouthy – he nips or nibbles shirt sleeves, jackets or the lead rope – the behavior is often brushed aside. This is especially true with young horses, the most likely culprits of this behavior. A foal mouthing your shirt sleeve doesn’t seem like a big deal; in fact, a lot of people think it’s kind of cute. But the problem with this behavior is that if uncorrected it often turns into biting – a very dangerous vice. 

The most effective correction you can do with a horse is to make him move his feet. Horses are basically lazy creatures that would rather stand around in the pasture daydreaming of their next meal than move their feet and work up a sweat. They’ll always choose the option with the least amount of work involved.

So if you’re standing next to your horse and he starts to lip your shirt, put his feet to work. Back him up, lunge him in a circle, sidepass him – anything you can think of to make him hustle his feet. Put his feet to work for five minutes, and then go back to what you were doing with him before he got mouthy. Act like it didn’t even happen. If he tries to mouth you again, you’ll make the same correction.

He can’t mouth on you and move his feet at the same time, especially if you make him hustle with energy and do a lot of changes of direction. If you’re consistent with this correction, it won’t take many repetitions for the horse to connect the two together: When he gets mouthy, he has to move his feet and sweat.

One of the most effective ways to stop a mouthy horse, and a horses that bites, is to back him up. Backing is a very humbling exercise for a horse to do. When a horse gets mouthy or tries to bite, it’s a very forward action – he’s invading your space and coming to get you. When you back him up, it’s the opposite – he’s being submissive to you by moving out of your space. 
Photo Credit: Darrell Dodds
Waynetta hails from Pawhuska and Bartlesville, Okla., moving to Texas after she graduated from college. Since childhood, the horse has been her favorite animal. Her Lucky Me Ranch near the Red River is residence for a variety of critters. Waynetta’s love of nature and the West is the foundation for her stories. Waynetta is a past Storyteller in residence at Texas A & M University, and broadcasts weekly radio shows of Cowboy music, cowboy poetry and stories in Sherman/Denison on KJIM/1500 AM/101.3FM. She has had radio shows broadcast out of Mesquite, Texas, as well as Ada, Oklahoma, and on Clear Channel Radio in Oklahoma City. Waynetta also has had a 24/7 internet broadcast on Live365. During these broadcasts, Waynetta combines tales from the Old West with insights from her life on the Lucky Me Ranch. Waynetta sprinkles interviews with interesting guests of the West, everyday cowboys as well as Western celebrities.  
Interview With Rick Wheat
by Waynetta Ausmus
New Featured Column
From The Fence Post
By Greg Bade
July 1
1871- Grayson County, Texas - Richard Johnson was a Texas cowboy who sided with the Lee faction in the bloody Lee-Peacock Feud that raged during the 1860s. Johnson was a half brother of the Dixon Brothers, Simp, Bob, and Charles, who all fought with Bob Lee against the forces of Lewis Peacock. Bob Lee, leader of the Lee faction, was killed in June 1869 and Johnson moved to west Texas to raise cattle. When Charles Dixon was killed by the Peacocks in 1871, Johnson returned to Grayson County to hunt down and kill Lewis Peacock, leader of the Peacock clan. Accompanied by Joe Parker, Johnson went to Peacock's ranch and climbed into a tree in the middle of the night, perching there with a rifle. At dawn Lewis Peacock emerged from his ranch house and stood on the front porch. Johnson fired a bullet into Lewis Peacock's heart, killing him on the spot. He then fled and was never apprehended for this murder. The Lee-Peacock Feud came to an abrupt end.
1887- Texas- Gunman and rancher Clay Allison was returning from Pecos, where he purchased supplies for his ranch. Apparently he had been drinking, for about forty miles from Pecos, the gunfighter toppled from the buckboard he was driving and fell beneath the wheel of the heavily laden wagon. The horses jerked forward and the wheel crushed Allison's head, almost decapitating him.

July 3
1873- Phoenix, Arizona Territory- vigilantes lynch a rustler who stole a widow's cow.
1965- Trigger, beloved horse of Roy Rogers, died.

July 4
1870- Texas- the first Seminole-Negroes recruited as U.S. Army scouts by Major Zenas R. Bliss enlisted for 6 months, after returning to the United States from Mexico. Organized into a band that usually averaged about 50 men, the group fought in numerous expeditions against various Indian tribes in Texas. During the Indian Wars, four of the scouts won the Congressional Medal of Honor. The Seminole-Negro scouts served the Army with distinction until 1914.
1883- Pecos, Texas- the town claims to hold history's first rodeo

July 5
1858- Texas- a new wagon road from Fort Yuma to El Paso skirting the Gila Desert is completed.
1871- Jacksboro, Texas- Satanta and Big Tree are sentenced to hang by a cowboy jury for their part in killing seven men in raids in Texas. Satanta had bragged of the killings at Fort Sill and was arrested on the spot.

July 8
1950 - Joel McCrea appeared in the lead role of Tales of the Texas Rangers. The soon-to-be-popular show debuted on NBC radio.

July 11
1882- Texas- Jack Harris, born and raised in Texas, led an adventuresome life. At an early age he worked for the U.S. Army as a scout and Indian fighter. During the Civil War, Harris served in the Confederate cavalry. Following the war, he fought in Central American revolutions. Returning to the U.S., Harris was one of the last great Buffalo hunters, providing meat and skins for the railroads moving west in the late 1870s. He then moved to San Antonio where he served briefly as a policeman, later becoming a gambler and winning several small fortunes. He and another gambler, Ernest Hart, formed a partnership and opened the Green Front Saloon, which had a full theater, the Vaudeville House, on the second floor. Harris' wealth grew, and he was well liked in San Antonio. One of Harris' few enemies was Texas gunfighter Ben Thompson. Ben Thompson rode into San Antonio drunk stormed, into the Green Front Saloon, demanding that Harris get a gun and meet him in the street. Ben was still ticked over a poker dispute from 1880. Harris, who entered the saloon after Thompson had left, got a gun and waited inside the saloon for his nemesis. Thompson appeared a short time later and saw Harris waiting with a shotgun behind some Venetian blinds. Before Harris could fire, Thompson squeezed off a fatal round that smashed through the blinds and into Harris' right lung. The gambler fell to the floor and Thompson fired another round at him and left. Harris got to his feet, staggered upstairs to his apartment, and died there that night. Thompson, who was the city marshal of Austin, Texas, at the time, resigned and turned himself over to the San Antonio sheriff. He pleaded self-defense in a quick trial and was acquitted.

July 12
1870- Texas- Battle of the Little Wichita River- Kicking Bird and 100 of his Kiowas battled Captain McLellan and 54 members of the 6th Cavalry. Capt. McLellan had been dispatched to recover the mail from Indians who had attacked a mail coach sixteen miles west of Fort Richardson on July 6. 
1876- Deadwood, Dakota Territory- Wild Bill Hickok, age 39, rides into town.

July 14
I879- Texas. The Fifty Cent Act, advocated by Governor Oran M. Roberts and approved by the Texas legislature provided for selling Texas public lands at fifty cents an acre, one half the proceeds to be used to pay the public debt and the other half to establish a permanent school fund. The act opened to settlement about fifty-two West Texas counties, out of which the state sold 3,201,283 acres for $1,600,641.55. On January 22, 1883, the Fifty Cent Act was repealed as a public necessity resulting from fraudulent speculation in the land.

July 17
1870- Hayes City, Kansas- Wild Bill Hickok was in a saloon when seven intoxicated cavalrymen from nearby Fort Hays jumped him and held him down. One of them held a six-gun to Wild Bill's ear and pulled the trigger but the gun misfired. Wild Bill managed to regain his feet and he pulled his pistols, shooting Private Jerry Lanihan through the wrist and knee and another trooper, John Kile, who was hit in the stomach. The rest of the troopers backed off as Hickok retreated from the saloon. Lanihan survived but Kile died the next day.

July 21
1878- Round Rock , Texas- Sam Bass, Frank Jackson, AKA Blockey , and Seaborn Burns, arrived at Round Rock with the intention of robbing the town bank the next day. Lawmen were waiting for them, having been tipped off by Jim Murphy, a remaining gang member. In a store next to the bank, the gang killed Deputy Ellis Grimes and wounded Morris Moore. As they left the store, outlaw Seaborn Barnes was shot to death . Bass and Jackson shot their way out of town. Sam Bass was hit in the back. Later that day a company of Texas Rangers found him under a tree dying. He died without revealing Jackson's destination, and the final member of the Bass gang was never found. If, in the end Bass revealed the location of the loot he acquired over a lifetime of crime, Jackson may have retired as a prosperous man.

July 23
1861- El Paso, Texas- Confederate Captain John Baylor begins his invasion of New Mexico Territory. Major Lynde orders an evacuation of Fort Fillmore when he learns that is one of Baylor's objectives. Baylor captures Lynde's entire force.

July 25
1882- San Antonio, Texas- Roy Bean mails a local newspaper a postcard announcing the first saloon west of the Pecos River.

July 26
1863- Huntsville, Texas- Sam Houston died. General, and 1st President of Texas and later governor after it was admitted to the Union.

July 28
1880- Texas- Apache chief Victorio begins a two-week-long series of raids in the Eagle Springs region.

1920- Bandit Pancho Villa surrenders to the Mexican government.

July 29
1884- Texas- P.C. Baird served with the Texas Rangers and rose to the rank of sergeant in Company D, Frontier Battalion. Baird and two other Rangers encountered several fence-cutters near the Greer ranch near Green Lake on this date. When the Rangers ordered these men, about five in number, to surrender, the outlaws fired on them. In the return fire, Baird shot and killed John Bailey, also known as John Mason. A Ranger was wounded in the gunfight but all the outlaws were captured. Baird was elected sheriff of Mason County in 1888 and in the following year, a gunfight broke out in Mason inside Garner's Saloon. Baird and a deputy raced down the street to investigate, and at that moment, two brothers, Jesse and John Simmons, stepped from the saloon with shotguns blazing at the lawmen. Baird and his deputy stood calmly in the middle of the street and took aim at the brothers who were advancing on them, both in an obvious state of drunkenness. Baird fired a single shot which hit John Simmons, killing him, and his deputy dispatched Jesse Simmons. Baird served as sheriff of Mason County through 1898 and then retired. He died on Mar. 9, 1928, in San Antonio, Texas.

July 30
1835- Texas- a company of volunteers under William B Travis forced the capitulation of Antonio Tenorio at the fort at Anahuac.

Rick Wheat has been quite active in the rodeo world and the cattle business.  He has worker as a farrier, horse trainer, and is the founder of Noavel Headstall, and his therapeutic riding stables. To find out more about him visit his websites and his Facebook page.
Facebook/Rick Wheat Noavel Headstall  

Rick has also conducted training clinics all over the United States, Italy, Germany, France, and Canada. He has received several awards and recognitions. Besides being named Cowboy of the Year, Rick was at the top of the list for Professional Horse Trainers by 2010. The Noavel was named number twenty-four on the list of all-time best inventions by the American Farriers Association.

His W Heart W Therapeutic Riding Stables opened on October 2, 2014, at the Wheat's ranch in Mt. Pleasant, Arkansas. 

I met and interviewed Rick Wheat a few years back at Dean Smith’s Celebrity Rodeo. Rick was there giving clinics on training horses and demonstrating his product the Noavel Headstall, which he is the founder. 
I asked Rick if he would describe himself as a horse trainer and he said, “I suppose I’m a horse trainer. I just work with horses; I just try to get the horses doing what the owners want them to do."

 WA: How long have you been working with horses?
Rick Wheat: “All my life. Basically, I haven’t had a real job. I’ll do about anything to keep from working. It’s been real good to me.”

WA: How long have you been doing this professionally?
Rick Wheat: “I patented my product in 2002 and at that point I started going into the training part of the profession. I had the pickup horses of the year in 93 and 94 and had a World Champion Reining horse in 87; nothing we just got into overnight. We actually worked at it a while”

WA: What is that saying about an overnight success after so many years?
Rick Wheat: “After 20 years an overnight success; you know that’s exactly right. We’re so proud to be here in Texas. This is kind of a new area for us. We mainly went south and also into Canada and done a lot of things in Canada. I won the Canadian Colt Breaking Challenge and it really worked out well for us. Everyone has been so great to us down here.

WA: Good! Any particular breed of horses that you work with? 
Rick Wheat: “No, not really, we try to work with anybody’s horse whether it’s gaited a Quarter, whatever it is; if it’s a problem to them that’s what we’ll work with.”

WA: You have a certain product that you sell that really helps you; tell us about that.
Rick Wheat: “It’s called the Noavel Headstall. It works on bump and release principle. Only product on the market that doesn’t get any tighter, doesn’t restrict the breathing. What it actually does, it actually works off of a bump instead of pressure never a pressure point as such if someone pushes on your nose and continually pushes on it pretty soon you fight back; basically, that’s what we’re doing with a bit. Now with our product instead of pushing on your nose you get a quick flip with a release. That’s why the horses come around so quick and respond so well; whenever they respond it is complete release.”

WA: How do people get hold of this product?
Rick Wheat: “Noavel.net; we have a website and we have products like the stirrups that I ride with and reins and training videos. We work with all different breeds.” 

WA: Well how about mules; do you work with mules?
Rick Wheat: “Yes, I do. I do Mule Days in Columbia, Tn., which there’s over 100,000 people in that and we do that every year and, definitely, we work with mules. And mules it takes a little bit longer to do them, but a mule is basically the same thing; if you teach them right to start with you don’t have all these problems to correct later.”

WA: How about the BLM horses; have you worked with them?
Rick Wheat: “The mustang horses yes we do quite often. Most of your BLM horses, the 2 yr. olds -4 yr. olds, the stallions, have been beat down and whipped out of the herd. They’re used to following something whatever that might be. All you have to do with a mustang basically is set forth the ground rules, which you’re going to live with, then they come around really quick and most of the mustangs come around just as fast as a regular horse.” 

WA: Can someone take a horse to your ranch and have you work them for a while?
Rick Wheat: “We do have a Noavel training facility. Our training is a lot like our Noavel; we guarantee the Noavel products. We work with both farrier associations, the AFA and the BWFA.” 

WA: What bit of advice or wisdom would you give someone who just got a new horse or a young horse?
Rick Wheat: “First educate yourself because if you just get out there with this horse and try to do something with it you have a good chance of getting hurt, because this horse all he wants to do is protect himself. You can’t really blame the horse for that, but if they learn a little bit of how to handle themselves around a young horse or untrained horse, they have a much better chance of actually making it successful. If a person would take the time to educate themselves on how to start a horse, they actually end up with a better horse that they have started first than one someone else has started.” 

WA: A young horse is a good idea?
Rick Wheat: “A young horse is a good idea if you’re willing to make the commitment. If you just want to ride tomorrow, you just better buy you an older horse, but usually what happens is you buy someone else’s problem. If you’ve got 10 horses in the pasture and someone comes up and wants to buy one you aren’t going to sell the best one you got. You may say you are, but you aren’t.”

Last year about this time, I returned from an eight day visit to Washington D.C. My wife was there for business, and then we spent the last four days exploring as tourists. We did the usual Washington D.C. things including a tour of the Capitol and the Library of Congress as well as visiting multiple monuments and historic sites. Some of those included the Congressional Cemetery, Arlington National Cemetery, the Lincoln Memorial, the Washington Memorial, Washington’s Mount Vernon and multiple Smithsonian museums.

What I learned from this visit is 1st: there are very few places for the common man to park and even fewer without parking meters, and parking is not cheap. 2: Do not mess with the Capitol police; they take their jobs very seriously. 3rd, almost anyone can have a plaque, statue or monument in Washington DC. This of course is a slight exaggeration, but there certainly are a lot of them, and more are being planned and constructed.

Another forgotten gem that I re-learned that was presented during an orientation film of the Capitol tour was the meaning of the Latin phrase, “E Pluribus Unum,” a phrase that occurs on multiple pieces of currency. In case you have forgotten, it translates to “Out of Many – One.”

But perhaps the biggest lesson learned during my visit is that the United States truly is an experiment in self-government, and it has had many adjustments to its format since its inception.

No matter what part of the experiment is examined, the complexity and process is enormous. The survival and twice rebuilding of the Library of Congress, the problems of establishing and maintaining a reliable postal system beginning with thirteen colonies and expanding to the west coast during a time of tumultuous growth , the evolution of George Washington’s Mount Vernon all represent mind boggling trial and error, spilled blood, sore backs and tears of sorrow and loss.

As a country we have certainly made some mistakes, some of them catastrophic, but when viewed as a continuum, somehow it all works. “Out of Many – One” is an expression coined hundreds of years ago, but it is a lesson we should not forget as we continue to refine our experiment in self-government.

Reflections on a Visit to Washington D.C.
How to Learn the Words of the “Star Spangled Banner”
By Everett Cummings

(This article appeared sometime in the 1940’s, probably in Better Homes and Gardens magazine. Since it is July, I thought it might be appropriate.)

"The Star Spangled Banner sounds today in many places and on many occasions. If you go to a meeting, to a play, to a concert, you stand and listen to it. Do you stand in silence, do you “fake,” humming with a bit of embarrassment, or do you really sing? Now is the time to sing, to sing out, to pronounce the words, to give them voice, so that all may hear them, know them, and understand their meaning.

In public school we did learn the words, but that was long ago. Now we should relearn them. It is a small gesture of love; it is a simple courtesy to our country.

You should learn not only the first, but also the last.

Here are several hints that may aid you in committing the words to memory.

1.Approach the poem as if it were one you never heard or read before. Read it all the way through, in order that you may get the full sense of it.

2.Keep the poem in front of you. Read it slowly and attentively one line at a time. Cover the rest of the lines with a sheet of paper. Learn one line by reading it over several times, until it is clearly and firmly fixed in your memory. Don’t be tempted to skip. One at a time! That is the way most actors learn their stage parts.

3.If your memory is visual, which means if you remember things most easily by seeing them, write the lines in longhand. The familiarity of your own handwriting and the pattern of your writing on the page will help your recollection.

4.If your memory is aural, which means if you remember things most easily by hearing them, recite the poem aloud line for line. Do this while you dress or while you wash the dishes. If you are able to pick out the tune on the piano, do so and sing the words. The association of the words with the melody will aid you in your memorizing.

5.Several recordings of the Star Spangled Banner are available. Get one, play it, keep the printed words in front of you, sing with the record.

6.Learn the words with somebody else. Let your friend recite one line, and you recite the next. Check each other’s errors. Perhaps you would like to do this with your child. Chances are that Junior will know the words before you will.

7.Learn the rhyming words, the last words in each line (light, fight; gleaming, streaming). This will give you the key word, the signal that will flash the line into your mind.

Whatever method you use, it is really not at all difficult to learn the stanzas by heart if you’ve got your heart set on it.
We are reprinting the text of the first and last stanzas, as it is given in a report on The Star Spangled Banner issued by the Library of Congress and written by Oscar Sonneck. This book, by the way, relates many facts about the origin and life of the anthem and is well worth the 85 cents that you send to the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., should you wish to find out more about what is today the world’s most important song."

Outside View of the Library of Congress
Inside View of the Library of Congress
O say can you see, by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hail'd at the twilight's last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight
O'er the ramparts we watch'd were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bomb bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there,
O say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore dimly seen through the mists of the deep
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream,
'Tis the star-spangled banner - O long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore,
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion
A home and a Country should leave us no more?
Their blood has wash'd out their foul footstep's pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight or the gloom of the grave,
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O thus be it ever when freemen shall stand
Between their lov'd home and the war's desolation!
Blest with vict'ry and peace may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the power that hath made and preserv'd us a nation!
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto - "In God is our trust,"
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. 
Below are all the verses written by Francis Scott Key, as well as an unofficial fifth verse written by Oliver Wendell Holmes nearly fifty years later when the U.S. was in the grips of its Civil War/
When our land is illum'd with Liberty's smile,
If a foe from within strike a blow at her glory,
Down, down, with the traitor that dares to defile
The flag of her stars and the page of her story!
By the millions unchain'd who our birthright have gained
We will keep her bright blazon forever unstained!
And the Star-Spangled Banner in triumph shall wave
While the land of the free is the home of the brave.